Canada is the second largest country in the world, with a total area of 9.9 million sq. km. It stretches from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle, touching the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic oceans, making it the country with the longest coastline (243,791 km. long). It is composed of 10 provinces and three territories. Major cities include economic powerhouse Toronto, west coast film hub Vancouver, French-speaking Montréal and Québec City, and picturesque capital city Ottawa.
Canada's landscape includes vast swaths of wilderness, countless lakes, the Rocky Mountains, the Prairies, and National Parks. With a population of 36 million, Canada embraces diversity and pluralism; 20% of its population are immigrants from over 200 ethnic origins. Canada’s two official Languages are English and French.
Ontario is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province, accounting for 38 % of the country's population, and is the fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.
Almost all of Ontario's 2,700 km (1,678 mi) border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system.
Located at the south shore of Lake Ontario and just a short distance from the Niagara Falls, Niagara-on-the-Lake is easygoing, charming, and inviting. Expect to spend relaxing hours on the veranda after the conference program concludes. Spend some extra time before or after the conference to take a boat tour of the Niagara Falls, go sightseeing or for a winery tour by bicycle or bus, or visit the historic part of town, the many renown restaurants and spas.
Average daytime temperature in October is 15oC, average nighttime lows are 7oC.
The currency in Canada is the Canadian Dollar (CAD).
In Canada, wait staff in restaurants and hotels receive a tip of 15-20% of the total amount, depending on how well their services was perceived. Please note that for larger groups, restaurants might automatically add a gratuity to the bill (commonly 18-20%); there is no need to give a tip in addition to this gratuity.
Hotel porters receive CAD 3.00-5.00 per piece of luggage, room maids CAD 3.00-5.00 per day, and taxi drivers 10-15% of the fare.